First Conditional ESL Games, Worksheets and Activities

First Conditional Story

ESL First Conditional Worksheet - Grammar Exercise: Gap-fill - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 20 minutes

This first conditional worksheet helps to introduce the first conditional structure to pre-intermediate students. Working alone, students complete first conditional sentences in a story with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. When the students have completed the story, check the answers with the class by eliciting each sentence in turn from a student. Students score one point for each correct sentence. The student with the most points wins.
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Christmas Conditionals

ESL First Conditional Activity - Grammar: Sentence Completion, Guessing - Group and Pair Work - Intermediate (B1) - 30 minutes

This festive first conditional activity combines the topic of Christmas and New Year superstitions with the first conditional. The worksheets contain Christmas and New Year superstitions written as first conditional sentences. Each one comes with three possible endings. The correct ending is already written on the worksheet. The students' task is to work together with the people in their group to write two false endings for each conditional sentence. Next, students pair up with someone from the other group. Students then take it in turns to quiz their partner by reading each superstition and all three endings. Their partner has to guess which ending is correct. The student with the most correct guesses in each pair wins.
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Conditional Chain Game

ESL First Conditionals Game - Grammar and Writing: Sentence Completion - Group Work - Intermediate (B1) - 20 minutes

In this entertaining first conditional game, students make conditional sentences in a chain format. To begin, you say an if clause. The first student then repeats the if clause and adds a result clause. The next student makes a new sentence by changing the first student’s result clause into an if clause and adding a new result clause and so on. If a student cannot come up with a conditional sentence within a given time frame (e.g. ten seconds) or the student makes a mistake, they are out of the game. The last student left in the game wins.
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First Conditional

ESL First Conditional Worksheet - Grammar Exercises: Gap-fill, Matching, Sentence Completion, Writing Sentences - Speaking Activity: Asking and Answering Questions - Pair Work - Intermediate (B1) - 25 minutes

This first conditional worksheet helps to teach students how to talk about possible things that might happen in the future. First, students complete first conditional sentences with verbs in brackets. Students then match first conditional sentence halves together and write out the complete sentences. Next, students complete a set of first conditional sentences with their own ideas. Afterwards, students answer some first conditional questions and create one more question of their own. In pairs, students then ask and answer the questions with their partner.
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First Conditional Advice

ESL First Conditional Worksheet - Grammar, Reading and Writing Exercises: Gap-fill, Changing Word Forms, Unscrambling, Identifying, Writing a Paragraph - Intermediate (B1) - 30 minutes

In this free first conditional worksheet, students practice giving advice using the first conditional with will and other modal verbs. Students start by completing first conditional sentences about giving advice with words from a box. Next, students put words in the correct order to make first conditional sentences about giving advice, adding punctuation and capitalization where needed. Students then read an email to an advice columnist and underline the if clauses and double underline the clauses with a future meaning. Finally, students take on the role of the advice columnist and write a response to an email, giving advice using the first conditional. Students then read their reply to a partner who says whether they agree with the advice given or not. Afterwards, there is a class feedback session to hear the students' advice and discuss who gave the best response.
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First Conditional Business

Business English First Conditional Worksheet - Grammar Exercises: Gap-fill, Changing Word Forms - Speaking Activity: Creating and Delivering a Dialogue - Pair Work - Intermediate (B1) - 45 minutes

This first conditional worksheet can be used with Business English students or adults. Students begin by reading how to use and form the first conditional. Students then do a gap-fill exercise where they complete first conditional sentences and questions using verbs in brackets. Next, in pairs, students create a situational dialogue where they negotiate a production run and unit cost for a new product using the first conditional. Finally, students present their dialogues to the class.
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First Conditional Card Game

ESL First Conditional Game -Grammar and Speaking: Forming Sentences from Picture Prompts, Freer Practice - Group Work - Intermediate (B1) - 30 minutes

In this free first conditional game, students make first conditional sentences by matching pairs of picture cards together. The first player turns over the top If card and makes the beginning of a first conditional sentence using the picture on the card. For example, if the picture showed a person staying up late, the student might say, "If you stay up late,..." All the players in the group then look at their result cards and try to find an appropriate match to complete the first conditional sentence. The player with a matching card then completes the sentence, e.g. '...you will feel tired the next day'. If everyone agrees the sentence is appropriate, the player who completed the sentence keeps both cards and puts them aside. The second player then turns over the next 'If' card and so on. The first player to get rid of all their result cards wins the game.
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First Conditional Chain

ESL First Conditional Activity - Grammar and Writing: Sentence Completion - Group Work - Intermediate (B1) - 25 minutes

In this first conditional activity, students create first conditional sentences in a chain format. First, students write an If clause at the top of the worksheet. Each student then passes their paper to the person on their right who completes the second half of the first conditional sentence any way they like. The student then folds the paper so the If clause cannot be seen and passes the paper to the student on their right. The next student uses the second half of the sentence to write the beginning half of a new first conditional sentence. This process continues until the worksheet is completed. When everyone has finished writing, students correct any mistakes on their worksheet and then read the sentences to their group. Students then choose the best set of sentences from their group and read them to the class.
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First Conditional Dominoes

ESL First Conditional Game - Grammar: Matching - Group Work - Intermediate (B1) - 25 minutes

This rewarding first conditional dominoes game is ideal for reviewing first conditional sentence structures. The first player tries to make a first conditional sentence by placing a domino down either before or after the domino on the table. If the player can make a sentence, they read it to the group to show the match is correct. The next player then tries to put down one of their dominoes at either end of the domino chain and so on. The first player to get rid of all their dominoes wins the game.
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Five-in-a-row

ESL First Conditional Game - Speaking: Completing Sentences from Prompts, Freer Practice - Pair Work - Intermediate (B1) - 30 minutes

In this fun first conditional game, students complete if and result clauses to make first conditional sentences. In pairs, students take it in turns to choose an If clause square and make a first conditional sentence by adding a suitable result clause. If a student does this successfully, they draw an O or X symbol in the square. If not, play passes to the other student. The aim of the game is to be the first student to get five squares in a row. The first student to do this is the winner. Pairs then repeat the process with the second game board, but this time the squares contain result clauses. The students' task this time is to make a first conditional sentence by adding an appropriate if clause to complete the sentence.
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If and When

ESL First Conditional Game - Grammar: Sentence Completion - Group Work - Intermediate (B1) - 25 minutes

In this free first conditional game, students race to complete first conditional sentences and sentences containing the future time clause when. Set a time limit and give each team an incomplete sentence strip. Teams then race to complete the first sentence, making sure the sentence is logical and grammatically correct. As soon as a team has completed the sentence, one student from the team comes to you with the strip. If it’s correct, the team scores a point and you give the student the second strip and so on. If a sentence is incorrect, the team has to rewrite it. When the time limit has been reached, students stop writing. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins.
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What did I write?

ESL First Conditional Game - Grammar: Sentence Completion, Asking and Answering Questions from Prompts, Guessing, Freer Practice - Pair Work - Intermediate (B1) - 35 minutes

Here is a first conditional guessing game to play with students in class. In the game, students complete first conditional sentences and then guess the endings of first conditional sentences a partner wrote. In two groups, students complete the endings of the first conditional sentences on their worksheet with their own ideas. Next, students pair up with someone from the other group. Students then play a game where they guess the endings of the first conditional sentences their partner wrote. Student B starts and tries to guess the ending of the first sentence. Student B has five chances to guess the exact words. If Student B guesses right the first time, they score five points. If the guess is wrong, they try again for four points and so on. Then, it's Student A's turn to guess the second sentence and so on. The student with the highest score at the end of the game wins.
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What will happen?

ESL First Conditional Board Game - Speaking: Forming Sentences from Prompts, Freer Practice - Group Work - Intermediate (B1) - 25 minutes

In this engaging first conditional board game, students practice making first conditional sentences from prompts. Students take it in turns to roll the dice and move their counter along the board. When a student lands on a square, they read the prompt and make a first conditional sentence beginning with If... Students can finish the sentence any way they like, but it must contain the words in the square, be appropriate and grammatically correct. If a student lands on a square marked IF, they can make any first conditional sentence they like. If a student forms the sentence correctly, they stay on the square. If not, the student must go back two spaces. The first student to reach the finish wins the game.
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First Conditional Practice

ESL First Conditional Activity - Grammar: Matching, Reading and Writing Sentences, Ordering, Role-Play - Pair Work - Upper-intermediate (B2) - 30 minutes

In this first conditional activity, students identify different ways of using the first conditional and practice using it in two conversations. In pairs, students read first conditional sentences and match them with the way the first conditional is used. Students then put a conversation that uses the first conditional in the correct order by reading the sentences to their partner and numbering them. The pairs then move on to create their own dialogue using the first conditional. They can use the same first sentence from the previous conversation or write their own. You can also have a contest to see which pair can include the most first conditional sentences in their dialogue. Finally, students read their dialogues to the class.
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If...

ESL First Conditional Game - Grammar and Speaking: Forming and Answering Questions from Prompts, Freer Practice - Group Work - Upper-intermediate (B2) - 25 minutes

In this first conditional speaking activity, students play a game where they ask first conditional questions and answer with phrases of probability. Begin by writing probability phrases on the board, e.g. I doubt if, It’s unlikely, will definitely, will probably, etc. In groups, students then take it in turns to pick up an If clause card and ask the person on their right a first conditional question using the clause on the card. If the student picks up an If... card, they create their own first conditional question. If the question is grammatically correct, the student scores a point. The other student then answers the question using a phrase of probability from the board. If the answer is grammatically correct, that student also gets a point. The student with the highest score at the end of the game is the winner.
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